Kyphoplasty is a minimally-invasive surgical procedure for treating osteoporotic fractures. The goal of kyphoplasty is to restore height to the bone, thus reducing deformity of the spine and to eliminate the pain of a fracture.
Osteoporosis increases the risk of fracture of vertebral body (the thick block of bone at the front of the vertebrae). With an osteroporatic fracture, the top of the vertebral body collapses down with more collapse in front, thus producing the “wedged” vertebrae, the “dowagers” hump, and shortened height. The resulting change in height and spinal alignment can lead to serious health problems, including chronic or severe pain, limited function and reduced mobility, loss of independence in daily activities, decreased lung capacity, and difficulty sleeping.
Studies show that a first osteoporotic fracture makes it five times more likely additional fractures will occur. It is most important to seek medical treatment for osteoporosis before it reaches the fracture stage.
Kyphoplasty is an office-based procedure which is minimally invasive. A balloon is inserted and gently inflated inside the fractured vertebrae. Next, a cement-like material is injected directly into the fractured bone. This procedure stabilizes the fracture and usually provides immediate pain relief in most patients.